History of Italy

History of Italy

On your journey throughout Italy, one thing will become apparent very quickly; this is a country with deep roots and a rich history. You will be reminded of this fact as you visit the Colosseum, the leaning tower of Pisa, the Sistine Chapel or the ancient city of Pompeii. Italy is a country that is well known for its historical landmarks, architecture and its creation of numerous technological advancements and inventions, many of which are still in use today. 


Historical Attractions in Italy - Vacation Tours

7-Day Highlights of Italy: Venice to Rome via Florence

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7-Day Highlights of Italy: Venice to Rome via Florence - Viator

Travel from Venice to Rome via Florence and Italy's coast Discover the sights and delights of Italy on this week long highlights tour. Begin amid the canals of Venice, visit the charming towns of the Cinque Terre, soak up beauty and history in Florence and wind up in the piazzas of Rome. With plenty of free time for independent exploration, and the freedom to discover Italy's history and culture at your own pace, there's no better way to see this wonderful pocket of Europe.


Italy Golden Circle: From Rome to Rome

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Italy Golden Circle: From Rome to Rome - 7 Days 6 Nights

If you’re looking to experience the best of Italy in just one week, this whirlwind 7-day tour to the country’s top destinations is for you.

You’ll start and end in Rome, continuing over seven days to Siena, Florence, Verona, Venice, Murano, Lake Como, Milan, Lucca, and Pisa—plus a few Cinque Terre villages.

Accommodation is included at 4-star hotels in four cities, and a guide leads you on fascinating sightseeing tours.

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 A Brief History of Italy

An ancient country, Italy was one of the first civilized nations and its inhabitants are responsible for shaping the world as we now know it. The first recorded inhabitants came to this country around 2000 B.C. and by 27 B.C. (the beginning of the Roman Empire period), Italy was one of the strongest, richest and most advanced countries in the world. The Roman people created intricate governmental and judicial systems that still influence the way our societies are run today. They also developed roads and in-door plumbing as well as heating and air conditioning systems and must be given praise for their conception of the first postal service.

Romans were also architectural masterminds. They were the first to develop concrete and to use it as a method to strengthen their buildings and were also the first to create apartments for their citizens. They were also the first civilization that began using the arch (one of the strongest load bearing structures) in most of their architecture and it is one of the reasons why so many of their ancient buildings remain standing and can still be enjoyed today. 

The early inhabitants of Italy were a very intelligent race of people and were the first civilization to devise a detailed number system of Roman Numerals which is still in use. They can also be given credit for creating the first solar calendars which are very similar to the ones which we follow, and they even developed the leap year, every 4 years, to make up for the discrepancies that this calendar has. Early Romans were also excellent doctors and were the first to devise precise surgical tools which they used while performing some of the first surgeries, such as the cesarean section, whose techniques, although modernized, are much the same today. 

Many of the world’s most renowned artists and thinkers have come out of Italy and have changed the way we think and the way that we view the world today. Leonardo da Vinci (perhaps most known for his creation of the Mona Lisa) was one of the world’s greatest artists, sculptors, inventors and scientist with a vision far advanced for the time in which he lived. Michelangelo is best known for his painting of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and his artistic and architectural expertise is still influential today. Galileo, an Italian philosopher, mathematician and astronomer was a substantial contributor to science and astronomy; and Christopher Columbus, John Cabot, Marco Polo and Ferdinand Magellan (to name only a few) were some of the world’s bravest explorers. Italy has given birth to some of the most talented and sophisticated artists, writers, philosophers, mathematicians, composers architects, scientists and explorers that the world has ever seen.

As you tour throughout Italy, taking in all of the sights and sounds, don’t forget to take a moment to remember this country’s history and all of the inventions and knowledge that came from this beautiful place. The entire world has benefitted from the great minds that were born here and not only did their innovations help to shape the face of the Roman Empire and the entire country of Italy, but they have moulded the entire history of the world and has shaped the way that we live today.


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