Let us take a quick journey through a brief history of Italy. This is a peninsula which is deeply rooted with a very interesting past. It has been ruled by fearsome emperors, fought over and divided time and time again until . While travelling here, you will be reminded of the rich Italian history everywhere you go, but especially when you visit the Colosseum, the leaning tower of Pisa, the Sistine Chapel or the ancient city of Pompeii. Historical attractions in Italy are plentiful and furthermore, this is country very well known for its amazing architectural achievements. Historical facts about Italy tell us that scientists here from past are responsible for creation of numerous technological advancements and Italian inventions, many of which are still in use today.
An ancient country, Italy was one of the first civilized nations and its inhabitants are largely responsible for influencing much of the western culture and shaping the world as we now know it. This peninsula south of the Alps has been known as Italy since first century BC when Italic speaking Indo-Europeans migrated there by Adriatic waters and by land from the North. The first recorded inhabitants came to Italy around 2000 B.C. and by 27 B.C. (the beginning of the Roman Empire period), Italy was one of the strongest, richest and most advanced countries in the world.
The Roman people created intricate governmental and judicial systems that still influence the way our societies are run today. Italy history also says they developed roads and in-door plumbing as well as heating and air conditioning systems and must be given praise for their conception of the first postal service.
Romans were also architectural masterminds and were responsible for creating an astronomical amount of historical monuments in Italy, about 100,000 just to have an idea. It is known in the history if Italy that they were the first to develop concrete and to use it as a method to strengthen their buildings and were also the first to create apartments for their citizens. Thanks to the brilliant scientists, inventors, artists and architects that Italy brought us, they were the first civilization to use the arch which happens to be one of the strongest load bearing structures known to man. Arches are used in most of their architecture and it is one of the reasons why so many of their ancient buildings remain standing and can still be enjoyed today.
The early inhabitants of Italy were a very intelligent race of people and were the first civilization to devise a detailed number system of Roman Numerals which is still in use. They can also be given credit for creating the first solar calendars which are very similar to the ones which we follow, and they even developed the leap year, every 4 years, to make up for the discrepancies that this calendar has. Early Romans were also excellent doctors and were the first to devise precise surgical tools which they used while performing some of the first surgeries, such as the cesarean section, whose techniques, although modernized, are much the same today.
Many of the world’s most renowned artists and thinkers have come out of Italy and have changed the way we think and the way that we view the world today. Leonardo da Vinci (perhaps most known for his creation of the Mona Lisa) was one of the world’s greatest artists, sculptors, inventors and scientists with a vision far advanced for the time in which he lived. Michelangelo is best known for his painting of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and his artistic and architectural expertise is still influential today. Galileo, an Italian philosopher, mathematician and astronomer was a substantial contributor to science and astronomy. Christopher Columbus, John Cabot, Marco Polo and Ferdinand Magellan (to name only a few) were some of the world’s bravest explorers. Italy has given birth to some of the most talented and sophisticated artists, writers, philosophers, mathematicians, composers, architects, scientists and explorers that the world has ever seen.
As you tour throughout Italy, taking in all of the sights and sounds, don’t forget to take a moment to remember this country’s history and all of the inventions and knowledge that came from this beautiful place. The entire world has benefitted from the great minds that were born here and not only did their innovations help to shape the face of the Roman Empire and the entire country of Italy, but they have moulded the entire history of the world and have shaped the way that we live today. These are just a few historical facts about Italy to help you understand and enjoy this amazing place while vacationing here.